candle making terms, glossary

Terms Every Candle Maker Should Know

Adhesion:

The ability of the wax to stick to the container or mold in which it is poured.

Bloom:

A white powdery film that can form on the surface of a candle as it ages or is exposed to changes in temperature or humidity.

Burning characteristics:

The way a candle burns, including the size and shape of the wax pool, the amount of smoke or soot produced, and the length and stability of the wick.

Burn rate:

The rate at which the candle melts and burns, is often expressed as the number of inches or hours burned per use.

Burn pool:

The liquid wax that has melted and pooled around the wick as the candle burns.

Candle burning instructions:

The guidelines and safety tips provided to consumers for safe and optimal burning of the candle.

Candle burn time:

The length of time a candle will burn, which can vary based on the size and shape of the candle, the type of wax used, and other factors. The length of time a candle will burn before it is consumed.

Candle container:

The vessel or holder used to hold the wax of a container candle, which can be made from a variety of materials such as glass, ceramic, or metal.

Candle diameter:

The width or diameter of the candle, which can affect the burn time and fragrance throw.

Candle dye:

A colorant added to the wax to give the candle a specific color. A coloring agent used to tint the wax of a candle, often available in liquid or solid form.

Candle dye chips:

Small, solid pieces of dye are used to color the wax of a candle, which can be melted and added to the wax during the pouring process.

Candle fragrance throw:

The strength and distance of the fragrance emitted by a burning candle.

Candle frosting:

The white, powdery coating that can form on the surface of a candle during the curing process, caused by the natural crystallization of the wax.

candle frosting

Candle label:

A label affixed to the outside of the candle, which can include information such as the fragrance, burn time, and safety warnings.

Candle-making kit:

A pre-packaged set of materials and instructions to make candles, often designed for beginners or as a gift. A set of tools and materials that includes everything needed to make candles at home, usually including wax, wicks, fragrance oils, and candle molds.

Candle mold:

A container or mold used to shape the wax into a specific form.

Candle pouring pitcher:

A specialized container used to melt and pour the wax into candle molds or containers.

Candle safety:

The set of practices and guidelines to follow to safely make, burn, and store candles, including fire safety and proper use of equipment.

Candle shaping:

The process of creating unique shapes and designs in candles, such as pillars, tapers, or votives.

Candlestick:

A decorative holder designed to hold taper candles.

Candle storage:

The recommended conditions and practices for storing finished candles to maintain their quality and fragrance.

Candle testing:

The process of burning and evaluating test candles to ensure the fragrance, burn time, and other aspects of the finished product meet expectations.

Candle texture:

The appearance and feel of the surface of a finished candle, which can be smooth, rough, glossy, matte, or have a variety of other textures and finishes.

Candle waxes:

The different types of wax used in candle making, including paraffin wax, soy wax, beeswax, and others, each with their unique properties and characteristics.

Candle wick priming:

The process of soaking the wick in wax before pouring the candle, which can help it burn more evenly and prevent smoking.

Candle wick trimmer:

A tool used to trim the wick to a specific length before lighting the candle.

Candle weight:

The weight of the finished candle without the container, which can be used to calculate the cost and price of the product.

Container candle:

A candle that is poured into a heat-safe container, such as a jar or tin.

Crackle wick:

A wick that produces a crackling sound as it burns, often used in soy wax candles to mimic the sound of a wood-burning fireplace.

Curing:

The process of allowing the candle to sit and settle for a period of time after it has been poured, which allows the fragrance to fully develop.

Curing rack:

A rack used to hold and store freshly-poured candles during the curing process, which can help prevent surface imperfections and ensure even scent distribution.

Cure time:

The amount of time needed for the wax to fully harden and develop its scent after it has been poured.

Dipping:

A technique used to create taper candles by repeatedly dipping a wick into molten wax until it reaches the desired thickness.

Double boiler:

A heating device used to melt the wax by placing it in a container or pan inside a larger pot of boiling water, which can help prevent overheating and burning. A tool used to melt wax safely by placing the wax in a heat-safe container and placing it in a pot of boiling water.

Embeds:

Small decorative objects or shapes added to a candle, often made of wax or other materials, to add visual interest and texture to the finished product.

Fire safety:

The precautions and procedures necessary to ensure candles are used safely and responsibly, including keeping candles away from flammable materials, never leaving candles unattended, and extinguishing candles before leaving the room.

Flashpoint:

The temperature at which a fragrance oil will combust, potentially causing a fire or explosion.

Fragrance blending:

The process of combining two or more fragrance oils to create a custom scent.

Fragrance load:

The amount of fragrance oil added to the wax, usually measured as a percentage of the total weight of the wax. The amount of fragrance oil added to a specific amount of wax, often expressed as a percentage.

Fragrance oils:

Concentrated oils are used to add fragrance to candles, which can be made from natural or synthetic materials. A scented oil that is added to the wax to give the candle a specific scent.

Fragrance oil compatibility:

The ability of a fragrance oil to blend and bind with a specific type of wax, which can affect the strength and stability of the scent.

Fragrance oil flash point:

The temperature at which a fragrance oil will ignite when exposed to a flame, which is important to consider for safety when making candles.

Heat gun:

A tool used to melt and smooth the surface of a candle after it has been poured, or to help release a candle from its mold.

Melting point:

The temperature at which wax begins to melt. Different types of wax have different melting points.

Melt pool:

The liquid wax that forms around the wick as the candle burns.

Melt pool depth:

The depth of the pool of liquid wax that forms around the wick as the candle burns, which can affect the fragrance throw and burn time.

Melting point: The temperature at which a specific type of wax will melt and become liquid.

Mold release spray:

A spray used to coat the inside of a candle mold to help release the finished candle.

Mottling:

The intentional formation of a textured, rustic appearance on the surface of the candle, often achieved by manipulating the temperature of the wax as it cools.

Overpour:

An additional layer of wax poured on top of a candle to even out any imperfections or air pockets that may have formed during the initial pour.

Pillar candle:

A candle that is formed by pouring wax into a mold and then removing the mold once the wax has hardened.

Pouring pot:

A heat-resistant container used to melt and pour wax.

Pouring speed:

The rate at which the wax is poured into the container or mold, which can affect the appearance and performance of the finished candle.

Pour spout:

A tool used to control the flow of wax when pouring it into a container or mold.

Pouring technique:

The specific method used to pour the wax into the container or mold, which can affect the appearance and performance of the finished candle.

Pour temperature:

The optimal temperature for pouring the melted wax into the candle mold or container, which can vary based on the type of wax used and the desired outcome.

Scent load:

The amount of fragrance oil used in a candle recipe, measured in ounces or grams.

Scent throw:

The strength and intensity of the fragrance emitted by a candle when burning.

Tealight candle:

A small candle that is designed to fit into a small metal or plastic cup, often used in decorative or aromatherapy applications.

Testing:

The process of making and burning test candles to evaluate and adjust the fragrance, burn time, and other properties of a new candle recipe.

Tunneling:

The process when a candle burns down the center, leaving a tunnel-like hole and wasting the wax around the edges of the candle.

candle bloom

Topping off:

The process of adding additional melted wax to a container candle that has burned down, to maintain the same level of wax and prevent the wick from being exposed.

Triple scenting:

The process of adding fragrance oil to the wax at three different stages: during the initial melting, after the wax has cooled and hardened, and again after the candle has been poured and cured.

UV inhibitor:

An additive that can be added to the wax to prevent it from fading or discoloring when exposed to sunlight.

Wax:

The primary material used to make candles, usually made from paraffin, beeswax, soy, or a blend of these.

Wax additives:

Additional materials added to the wax to improve its performance and properties, such as UV inhibitors, stearic acid, or vybar.

Wax pool:

The liquid wax that forms on the surface of a burning candle.

Wax pool diameter:

The width of the pool of liquid wax that forms around the wick as the candle burns, which can affect the fragrance throw and burn time.

Wick:

The braided or twisted cotton or linen string that is placed in the center of the candle and used to ignite and burn the candle.

Wick centering device:

A tool used to keep the wick centered in the container or mold while the wax cools and hardens. A tool used to keep the wick centered and straight during the pouring process, ensuring even burning and preventing tunneling.

Wick sustainer:

A small metal or plastic piece that holds the wick in place at the bottom of the candle, which can help ensure even burning.

Wick tab:

A small metal disc attached to the bottom of a wick, which helps keep the wick centered in the container or mold during pouring.

Wick trimmer:

A specialized tool used to trim the wick of a burning candle to the correct length, which can help prevent smoking and uneven burning.

Wick trimming:

The process of trimming the wick of a burning candle to a shorter length to prevent smoking, mushrooming, and uneven burning.

Wick type:

The type of wick used in a candle, can vary based on the size and shape of the container, the type of wax used, and other factors.

Wick wax:

A special wax used to coat the wick of a candle before pouring, which can help improve its stability and prevent it from falling over or leaning during burning.

Wick wax coating tool:

A tool used to apply a coating of wax to the wick before pouring, ensuring a more even and stable burn.

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